Panoramic lens database

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Compare the most common lenses used for 360° panoramic photography.
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Panoramic heads

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The list of all professional quality panoramic tripod heads.
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Panoramic software

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Panoramic stitching software reviews.
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Recommended lenses
Widely used panoramic photography lenses

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NikonNIKON lenses
Nikon lenses commonly used for panoramic photography.

Nikon 10.5mm f/2.8G ED DX Fisheye

Nikon 10.5mm FisheyeField of view (FOV) - horizontal, vertical, diagonal:

  • Full-frame=10.5mm, HFOV: n/a° | VFOV: n/a° | DFOV: n/a°
  • 1.5x=15.75mm, HFOV: 139° | VFOV: 87° | DFOV: 173°

Number of pictures required for a 360° panorama:

  • Minimum (full-frame): N, 3 images every 120°, if the lens shade is cut off (no zenith shot is required)
  • Recommended (full-frame): use the Nikon 16mm fisheye or the Sigma 15mm (6+2)
  • Minimum (1.5x): N, 5 images every 72° at 0° pitch (18% overlap), Z
  • Recommended (1.5x): N, 6 images every 60° at 0° pitch (32% overlap), Z

Nikon 12-24mm f/4G ED-IF AF-S DX

Nikon 12-24mmField of view (FOV) - horizontal, vertical, diagonal:

  • Full-frame=12-24mm, HFOV: 112° - 74° | VFOV: 90° - 53° | DFOV: 122° - 84°
  • 1.5x=18-36mm, HFOV: 90° - 53° | VFOV: 67° - 37° | DFOV: 100° - 62°

Number of pictures required for a 360° panorama:

  • Minimum (full-frame): N, 6 images every 60° at -30° pitch, 6 images every 60° at +30° pitch, Z
  • Minimum (1.5x): N, 8 images every 45° at -30° pitch, 8 images every 45° at +30°, Z

Nikon 14mm f/2.8D ED

Nikon 14mmField of view (FOV) - horizontal, vertical, diagonal:

  • Full-frame=14mm, HFOV: 104° | VFOV: 81° | DFOV: 114°
  • 1.5x=21mm, HFOV: 81° | VFOV: 59° | DFOV: 92°

Number of pictures required for a 360° panorama:

  • Minimum (full-frame): N, 6 images every 60° at -30° pitch, 6 images every 60° at +30° pitch, Z
  • Minimum (1.5x): N, 8 images every 45° at -30° pitch, 8 images every 45° at +30°, Z

Nikon 16mm f/2.8D Fisheye

Nikon 16mm FisheyeField of view (FOV) - horizontal, vertical, diagonal:

  • Full-frame=16mm, HFOV: 137° | VFOV: 88° | DFOV: 170°
  • 1.5x=24mm, HFOV: 88° | VFOV: 58° | DFOV: 107°

Number of pictures required for a 360° panorama:

  • Minimum (full-frame): N, 5 images every 72° at 0° pitch, Z (18% overlap)
  • Recommended (full-frame): N, 6 images every 60° at 0° pitch, Z (32% overlap)
  • Minimum (1.5x): N, 8 images every 45° at -30° pitch, 8 images every 45° at +30° pitch, Z

Nikon 17-35mm f/2.8D ED-IF

Nikon 17-35mmField of view (FOV) - horizontal, vertical, diagonal:

  • Full-frame=17-35mm, HFOV: 93° - 54° | VFOV: 70° - 38° | DFOV: 104° - 63°
  • 1.5x=25.5-52.5mm, HFOV: 70° - 38° | VFOV: 50° - 26° | DFOV: 81° - 45°

Number of pictures required for a 360° panorama:

  • Minimum (full-frame): N, 8 images every 45° at -30° pitch, 8 images every 45° at +30°, Z
  • Minimum (1.5x): N, 9 images every 40° at -50° pitch, 9 images every 40° at 0° pitch, 9 images every 40° at +50° pitch, Z

Nikon 17-55mm f/2.8G ED-IF AF-S DX

Nikon 17-55mmField of view (FOV) - horizontal, vertical, diagonal:

  • Full-frame=17-55mm, HFOV: 93° - 36° | VFOV: 70° - 25° | DFOV: 104° - 43°
  • 1.5x=25.5-82.5mm, HFOV: 70° - 25° | VFOV: 50° - 17° | DFOV: 81° - 29°

Number of pictures required for a 360° panorama:

  • Minimum (full-frame): N, 8 images every 45° at -30° pitch, 8 images every 45° at +30°, Z
  • Minimum (1.5x): N, 9 images every 40° at -50° pitch, 9 images every 40° at 0° pitch, 9 images every 40° at +50° pitch, Z

Nikon 18mm f/2.8D AF

Nikon 18mmField of view (FOV) - horizontal, vertical, diagonal:

  • Full-frame=18mm, HFOV: 90° | VFOV: 67° | DFOV: 100°
  • 1.5x=27mm, HFOV: 67° | VFOV: 48° | DFOV: 77°

Number of pictures required for a 360° panorama:

  • Minimum (full-frame): N, 8 images every 45° at -30° pitch, 8 images every 45° at +30°, Z
  • Minimum (1.5x): N, 10 images every 36° at -45° pitch, 10 images every 36° at 0° pitch, 10 images every 36° at +45° pitch, Z

Nikon 18-35mm f/3.5-4.5D ED-IF

Nikon 18-35mmField of view (FOV) - horizontal, vertical, diagonal:

  • Full-frame=18-35mm, HFOV: 90° - 54°| VFOV: 67° - 38° | DFOV: 100° - 63°
  • 1.5x=27-52.5mm, HFOV: 67° - 38° | VFOV: 48° - 26° | DFOV: 77° - 45°

Number of pictures required for a 360° panorama:

  • Minimum (full-frame): N, 8 images every 45° at -30° pitch, 8 images every 45° at +30°, Z
  • Minimum (1.5x): N, 10 images every 36° at -45° pitch, 10 images every 36° at 0° pitch, 10 images every 36° at +45° pitch, Z

Nikon 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6G ED AF-S DX

Nikon 18-55mmField of view (FOV) - horizontal, vertical, diagonal:

  • Full-frame=18-55mm, HFOV: 90° - 36°| VFOV: 67° - 25° | DFOV: 100° - 43°
  • 1.5x=27-82.5mm, HFOV: 67° - 25° | VFOV: 48° - 17° | DFOV: 77° - 29°

Number of pictures required for a 360° panorama:

  • Minimum (full-frame): N, 8 images every 45° at -30° pitch, 8 images every 45° at +30°, Z
  • Minimum (1.5x): N, 10 images every 36° at -45° pitch, 10 images every 36° at 0° pitch, 10 images every 36° at +45° pitch, Z

Nikon 18-70mm f/3.5-4.5 G-AFS ED-IF DX

Nikon 18-70mmField of view (FOV) - horizontal, vertical, diagonal:

  • Full-frame=18-70mm, HFOV: 90° - 29°| VFOV: 67° - 19° | DFOV: 100° - 34°
  • 1.5x=27-105mm, HFOV: 67° - 19° | VFOV: 48° - 13° | DFOV: 77° - 23°

Number of pictures required for a 360° panorama:

  • Minimum (full-frame): N, 8 images every 45° at -30° pitch, 8 images every 45° at +30°, Z
  • Minimum (1.5x): N, 10 images every 36° at -45° pitch, 10 images every 36° at 0° pitch, 10 images every 36° at +45° pitch, Z

Nikon 18-200mm f/3.5-5.6 G ED-IF AF-S VR DX

Nikon 18-200mmField of view (FOV) - horizontal, vertical, diagonal:

  • Full-frame=18-200mm, HFOV: 90° - 10°| VFOV: 67° - 7° | DFOV: 100° - 12°
  • 1.5x=27-300mm, HFOV: 67° - 7° | VFOV: 48° - 5° | DFOV: 77° - 8°

Number of pictures required for a 360° panorama:

  • Minimum (full-frame): N, 8 images every 45° at -30° pitch, 8 images every 45° at +30°, Z
  • Minimum (1.5x): N, 10 images every 36° at -45° pitch, 10 images every 36° at 0° pitch, 10 images every 36° at +45° pitch, Z
  • VR - Vibration Reduction

Nikon 20mm f/2.8D AF

Nikon 20mmField of view (FOV) - horizontal, vertical, diagonal:

  • Full-frame=20mm, HFOV: 84° | VFOV: 62° | DFOV: 94°
  • 1.5x=30mm, HFOV: 62° | VFOV: 44° | DFOV: 72°

Number of pictures required for a 360° panorama:

  • Minimum (full-frame): N, 8 images every 45° at -60° pitch, 8 images every 45° at 0° pitch, 8 images every 45° at +60° pitch, Z
  • Minimum (1.5x): N, 10 images every 36° at -45° pitch, 10 images every 36° at 0° pitch, 10 images every 36° at +45° pitch, Z

Nikon FC-E8 / FC-E9 Fisheye Converters

Nikon FC-E8  FC-E9Field of view (FOV)

  • FC-E8 - Focal length of the camera's lens reduced to 0.21x
    Provides approx. 183° view angle.
  • FC-E9 - Focal length of the camera's lens reduced to 0.2x
    Provides approx. 183° (COOLPIX 5700) / 190° (COOLPIX 5400) view angle.

Number of pictures required for a 360° panorama:

  • Minimum: 2 images, 180° apart
  • Recommended: 3 images, 120° apart