Panoramic lens database

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Compare the most common lenses used for 360° panoramic photography.
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Panoramic heads

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The list of all professional quality panoramic tripod heads.
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Panoramic software

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Panoramic stitching software reviews.
Comparison of 360° Flash panorama players and virtual tours software.

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Recommended lenses
Widely used panoramic photography lenses

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TokinaTOKINA lenses
Tokina lenses commonly used for panoramic photography.

Tokina 10-17mm F/3.5-4.5 DX Fisheye

Tokina 12-24mmField of view (FOV) - horizontal, vertical, diagonal:

  • Full-frame=10mm, HFOV/DFOV: 180° - with shaved lens hood. Click here for more details: lens shaving service.
  • 1.5x=15mm, HFOV: 145° | VFOV: 91° | DFOV: 171°
  • 1.6x=16mm, HFOV: 138° | VFOV: 89° | DFOV: 164°

Number of pictures required for a 360° panorama:

  • Minimum (full-frame): 3 images every 120°, with shaved lens hood (no zenith shot is required if the lens in tilted +3°)
  • Minimum (1.5x, 1.6x): N, 5 images every 72° at 0° pitch, Z
  • Recommended (1.5x, 1.6x): N, 6 images every 60° at 0° pitch, Z

Tokina 12-24mm f/4 AT-X 124AF Pro DX

Tokina 12-24mmField of view (FOV) - horizontal, vertical, diagonal:

  • Full-frame=12-24mm, HFOV: 113° - 74° | VFOV: 90° - 53° | DFOV: 122° - 84°
  • 1.3x=15.6-31.2mm, HFOV: 98° - 60° | VFOV: 75° - 42° | DFOV: 108° - 69°
  • 1.5x=18-36mm, HFOV: 90° - 53° | VFOV: 67° - 37° | DFOV: 100° - 62°
  • 1.6x=19.2-38.4mm, HFOV: 86° - 50° | VFOV: 64° - 35° | DFOV: 97° - 59°
  • 1.7x=20.4-40.8mm, HFOV: 83° - 48° | VFOV: 61° - 33° | DFOV: 93° - 56°

Number of pictures required for a 360° panorama:

  • Minimum (full-frame): N, 6 images every 60° at -30° pitch, 6 images every 60° at +30° pitch, Z
  • Minimum (1.5x, 1.6x): N, 8 images every 45° at -30° pitch, 8 images every 45° at +30°, Z
  • Minimum (1.7x): N, 9 images every 40° at -30° pitch, 9 images every 40° at +30°, Z